Ministry of Education launches Inclusive Education Policy: Full Story
Ministry of Education (MOE) has
launched the Inclusive Education (IE) Policy, which defines the
strategic path of government for the education of all children
with special educational needs.
The 45-page document is an outcome of a series of
discussions and consultations between numerous
stakeholders in the education sector.
The document seeks to builds upon sections of the 1992
Constitution, the National Development Agenda, the Education
Strategic Plan and other international commitments, to
achieve national as well as international goals for creating an
environment for addressing the diverse educational needs of
With this new arrangement, children with special needs would
have the opportunity to attend mainstream schools without
Mr Jacob Kor, the Director-General of the Ghana Education
Service, who represented the Minister of Education, Professor
Jane Naana Opoku-Agyeman, launched the Policy in Accra,
together with two other documents; the Standards and
Guidelines, as well as the IE Implementation Plan.
He said the Policy would respond to changing priorities and
national aspirations as well as international development
trends in provisions for inclusive education, and it would be
revised every five years.
Mr Kor said the policy would look at a more harmonized and
strategic approach to planning, and also financial prioritization,
to roll out these activities on a wider scale and to reach all
learners with special educational needs.
He said IE would ensure access and learning for all children,
regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional,
linguistic or other conditions.
He said it aims to create learning environments that are
responsive to all learners’ needs and were conducive to all to
ensure successful educational outcomes, and ultimately to
achieve a more equitable society.
It goes beyond the education system to the communities in
which learners live, to ensure that they are welcomed, nurtured
and given the opportunity to thrive to their optimum
capacities, he said.
The Policy objectives, he said aims to improve and adapt
education and related systems and structures to ensure the
inclusion of all learners particularly learners with special
educational needs, and to promote Universal Design for
Learning and learner friendly school environment for
enhancing the quality of education for all learners.
It also seeks to promote the development of a well-informed
and trained human resource cadre for the quality delivery of IE
throughout Ghana, and also ensure sustainability of Inclusive
Mr Kor said although the Government was the primary
financier of IE, all stakeholders are encouraged to provided
their support for the successful implementation and
sustainability of the Policy.
He said the Ministry, shall have the responsibility of policy
review, coordination, monitoring, and evaluation as well as an
impact assessment, and also have oversight responsibilities
on the implementation and also ensure that adequate
provision was made for IE activities in the annual budget
He acknowledged the support of State and non-State actors
including UNICEF and STAR-Ghana for their tremendous
financial and technical assistance in the piloting phase of IE
and for their involvement in the development of the Policy.
Mr Anthony Boateng, the Director in Charge of the Special
Education Division of the GES, said the Special Education
Division under the GES has already started the implementation
of IE on pilot basis in three regions namely; the Central Greater
Accra and Eastern Regions.
He said by the end of 2011, it has covered 529 schools in 34
districts, while UNICEF has added 14 more schools to the list
of piloted schools in June 2012.
He said the strategy was to identify children with mild to
moderate cases, and provide them with the needed support,
while the special school remains the resource centers for
those with severe or chronic cases.